Review on Risks to Romanian Coastal Built Environment from Natural Hazards

Constantin Buta, Mari-Isabella Stan, Mădălina Stănescu, Nicolae-Costin Mociu

DOI: 10.2478/ouacsce-2023-0013

Pages 92-108


Coastal built environment are sensitive to direct and indirect impacts of natural hazards. Nearly half of the world’s major cities are located within 50 km of a coast, and coastal population densities are 2.6 times greater than those of inland areas, with a steep rise over the years [1]. Coastal built environment are home to around 40% of the world’s population (nearly 2.4 billion people) and approximately 60% of the world’s cities with populations above five million are within 100 km of a coastline [2]. While coastal built environment is expanding, more social and physical systems are increasingly exposed to natural-induced hazards. This review paper aims to provide an up-to-date and objective assessment based on the literature to help determine what is known and what needs the future attention of researchers to increase understanding of the risks induced by natural hazards to coastal built environment in Romania and to provide actionable recommendations for a sustainable development strategy to enhance resilience and  to mitigate vulnerability to these hazards.

Keywords– coastal built environment, natural hazards, vulnerability, coastal risks, resilience, sustainable development strategy

"Ovidius” University Annals of Constanta

"Ovidius” University Annals of Constanta